The Vilnius exhibition will also include an exhibition on how samizdat was made, and how it was smuggled out of the Soviet Union.
One of the key elements in the defense of human rights activists in Communist times and informing the Western public about their struggle for freedom and the plight of political prisoners was the smuggling of documents, writings, photos and film materials. Dissidents published their texts in “samizdat”, which could be reports on human rights abuses or literary or journalistic works.
Samizdat – “self-publishing” - was the primary means through which individuals could “publish” their uncensored writings. Texts were typed on a typewriter with multiple layers of thin paper with carbon paper in between, and this way one could create up to ten copies. The next type-up would result in another ten copies, etc. etc. To get these to the West multiple communication channels were used.
Also, as part of the campaign for their release, places of detention were either photographed or filmed, sometimes interviews were made and smuggled out, and in particularly in the late 1980s former camps in Siberia were discovered and filmed to document the horrors of the past.